Three Stages of Hair Growth Cycle
Human hair is made up of fibrous structural protein known as keratin. The roots remain invisible under the scalp, while follicles protrude out. The healthy, thick hairs grow long, and their density covers the entire head. However, some patients experience hair loss problem, hairline thinning, and baldness. Regular care and the 3-stage growth cycle are crucial for lush and strong tresses.
- Anagen Phase – This is the growth phase in which hairs grow about ½ inch every month. Full-length follicles can reach anywhere between 18 inches to 1 metre. The growth varies on the basis of region, season, ethnicity, race, etc., this can last anywhere between 3 to 7 years in a fully grown male or female.
- Catagen Phase – This is a short term or temporary phase that does not last very long. There is no active growth during catagen for about 10 days or 2 weeks. In this transition period, the hairs do not receive nourishment from the blood supply. They are also cut off from the cells that produce new and fresh hairs.
- Telogen Phase – This is the shedding period when hairs get released and fall off. Temporary hair loss or telogen effluvium can be identified during this phase. The patient would notice unduly large number of fallen hairs. He or she notices this during combing, showering, brushing, or styling activities.
How to Identify Thinning?
Hair thinning or loss can be a temporary, serious, or permanent condition. Some patients notice a loss of up to 100 hairs per day, and get alarmed. As long as the hairs grow back there is no real cause for worry.
However, Hair care and visit to a cosmetic clinic are always helpful to the patient. Temporary or telogen loss can be identified by the patient or a cosmetic specialist.
Those who brush, comb, and style would notice it earlier than others.
- The parting on the head becomes wider and patients notice it during grooming activities.
- The hair line on the front (anterior) also start to recede in a noticeable manner (mirror).
- A pull or tug test can also be performed if there is fear of rapid hair loss in the patient.
- Thinning becomes a serious concern only if it leads to patterned loss or baldness.
- Transient and diffuse thinning is the result of a diverse physical and mental factors.
- Hair loss happens due to stress, vitamin deficiency, and hormonal imbalances.
- Inflammatory and autoimmune diseases are also responsible for thinning.
- And finally, Medicines or drugs have negative side effects like hair fall.
Those who want to avoid hair transplant surgery should worry about loss and thinning. A patient who is concerned about physical appearance has to be extra alert. He or she has to pick a healthy lifestyle and follow all the rules. Nutritious food, hair care, regular sleep, and stress-free atmosphere are helpful.
But, moderate or intense hair fall is still possible and alert patients schedule a doctor’s visit. Since prevention is better than cure, early identification of patterned loss or thinning is essential. If the natural growth cycle is not restored then hair loss becomes irreversible or permanent. So, those who worry and groom regularly can avoid serious hair loss problems.